Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a healthcare profession that focuses on improving movement and function in individuals who have been affected by injury, illness, or disability.

Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques and exercises to help their patients manage pain, regain mobility, and improve overall physical strength and flexibility.

Physiotherapists work with patients of all ages, from infants to elderly individuals, and with a wide range of conditions, including musculoskeletal injuries, neurological disorders, respiratory and cardiovascular conditions, and chronic pain. They often work as part of a multidisciplinary team, alongside doctors, nurses, occupational therapists, and other healthcare professionals.

The first step in physiotherapy is a thorough assessment of the patient's condition and medical history. This information helps the physiotherapist to develop an individualized treatment plan that takes into account the patient's goals, lifestyle, and any other factors that may affect their ability to participate in therapy.

Treatment may include a variety of techniques, such as manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy. Manual therapy involves hands-on techniques, such as massage and joint mobilization, to help improve joint range of motion, reduce pain, and restore muscle function. Exercise therapy is designed to help patients build strength and endurance, improve balance and coordination, and enhance flexibility. Electrotherapy uses electrical stimulation to help reduce pain, improve muscle function, and speed up the healing process.

In addition to these techniques, physiotherapists also provide education and advice to help patients manage their condition at home and prevent further injury. They may also work with patients to develop a plan for returning to work or other activities.

Overall, physiotherapy is a vital healthcare profession that helps individuals to recover from injury or illness and improve their overall quality of life. Through a combination of hands-on techniques, exercise therapy, and patient education, physiotherapists help patients to achieve their goals and live a healthier, more active life.